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Twitter led the content moderation. What’s Next?

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In 2015, A man wearing a skull mask posted a video He explains his plans to kill Brianna Wu. The skull video was only one of Many of these annoying and strange posts Wu and other women are targeted online as part of a A harassment campaign dubbed Gamergate.

Wu said this was in the early days of moderating content in a social media ecosystem with far fewer rules, but nonetheless, Twitter moved quickly to remove the video, which prevented it from spreading. Although Gamergate clarification Just how inept were social media platforms In protecting its users, Twitter’s immediate action was an early example of the company’s relative willingness to face criticism and work to curb abuse, Wu said.

Although social media platforms struggle to respond to disinformation, hate speech, election interference, and incitement to violence, over the years Twitter has taken a more nuanced and comprehensive approach, developing, reviewing and expanding a comprehensive policy framework.

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For example, Twitter has led efforts to create security policies and enforce high-profile violations of its rules. It permanently suspended right-wing agitator Milo Yiannopoulos in July 2016 and conspiracy theorist Alex Jones in September 2018. Facebook didn’t ban Yiannopoulos and Jones until May 2019.

In the summer of 2020, Twitter slapped a warning label on then-President Trump’s tweet threatening a harsh crackdown on protests in Minneapolis as violating its rules on “glorifying violence,” and soon after flagged two more election-related tweets to check the facts. Twitter special move From Facebook, whose CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, indicated that he was not inclined to take similar measures, and paved the way for a large number of social media companies that subsequently suspended Trump from their platforms days before the end of his term.

This year, Facebook announced a 24-hour suspension of Representative Marjorie Taylor Green (Rep.-J.) account a day after Twitter permanently banned Greene for repeatedly spreading misinformation about COVID-19.

But Elon Musk’s successful bid to buy Twitter could change the course of the company. Musk, who has said he embraces a free-speech tyranny, has made clear he wants a platform with less application, writing in a series of tweets on Tuesday that he favors moderation only when legally required.

I am against censorship that goes beyond the law. If people want less freedom of expression, they will ask the government to pass laws for this. Therefore, transgressing the law goes against the will of the people,” Musk said on Twitter.

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“Twitter has historically served as one of the most forward-thinking social media platforms that has always tested new ideas and concepts,” said Jennifer Edwards, executive director of the Texas Institute for Social Media Research at Tarleton State University.

Musk’s purchase of the company and the axis towards economic freedom She said that the spirit of moderation he favors may push other social media platforms to back off as well and loosen standards of moderation.

The Twitter dynamic driving the group could also flow in the opposite direction under Musk, as the new Twitter owner takes cues from his veteran Facebook counterpart. For example, Musk already has He said He wants to start “authenticating all humans” on Twitter – a move that, although vague, could make his platform more compatible with Zuckerberg’s, where users are is expected To publish under whatever name they “go through in everyday life.

Musk’s suggestions that he might follow suit have already drawn criticism.

“Any free speech advocate (as Musk seems to see himself) who wants to require users to provide an ID to access a platform is probably unaware of the critical importance of pseudonymization and anonymity,” said several leaders from the uninformed Electronic Frontier Foundation. profitability of digital rights Wrote In response to the news of the purchase of a mask. The statement said that policies requiring real names on Facebook were used to expel unstable communities such as transgender people, queens and sex workers.

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Sophie Zhang, a former data scientist at Facebook, said many users understandably distrust social media, unwilling to identify and leak. She said that in South Korea, real-name authentication databases were repeatedly hacked because they constituted a treasure trove of personal information.

“Absolute freedom of speech is a good idea,” Chang said, but the vast majority of moderation in content is not a contentious political debate that Musk supposes, and so these values ​​do not necessarily work in practice.

Zhang said it’s too early to tell how Musk’s influence will affect editing content on the platform. The platform’s challenges may force him and other absolutists to question why he can’t allow speech to flow without infringement while at the same time preventing the platform from becoming a quagmire of cryptic spam, pornography and fake advertising.

“The real question for me is how does Elon make those decisions once he’s actually in charge,” she said.

Christopher Bell, a professor at Duke University and director of the on-campus polarization lab that studies political extremism using social media data, said the foundations of some of Musk’s proposals are flawed. Musk insists conservative voices are being curtailed, and while high-profile issues such as Trump’s account suspension can be cited as examples of anti-conservative bias, studies show the platform It actually tends to reinforce conservative viewsBale said.

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Musk said accounts should almost never be banned, but he also promised to fight spammers — presumably identifying them by the content of their speech and taking action to ban accounts.

“I think where the rubber hits the road, it’s going to be more difficult than he realizes to do what he wants,” Bale said.

Researchers and activists worry that Musk’s focus on unrestricted speech will erode the tools that Twitter’s trust and safety team has built over the years. Experts said that by giving itself ways besides deactivating and then removing the account, it has made its rules considerably more enforceable. The company practiced greater transparency than its peers, maintained open lines of communication with researchers, and made the large body of data about spam and disinformation on the platform public and available for analysis by academics and others.

Twitter maintains an archive of posts removed from the platform, allowing researchers to examine the extent and impact of viral disinformation. Birdwatch initiative on Twitter It aims to create a crowdsourcing approach to reporting misinformation.

Wu said that during the height of the harassment she faced during Gamergate, Twitter’s vice president of trust and security reached out to listen to concerns and offer support. In the following years, Twitter separated itself from the pack by making real efforts to deal with critics like her.

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“They’ve done more than Facebook has done, more than Reddit, more than Google,” said Wu, who said she has informally advised the company’s trust and security team for nearly five years. “Twitter has never gotten the credit it deserves for aggressively addressing harassment.”



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Male sex toys may aid in pleasure and performance

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BuzzFeed may earn a share of the sales or other compensation from the links on this page if you decide to shop from them. All products were independently selected by our editors, prices were accurate and items were in stock at time of publication.

Let’s be real – sex doesn’t always go smoothly. It is often not as smooth and relaxed as in the movies.

Sexual performance anxiety is common — and while it can affect anyone, people with penises often have to deal with it on a higher level. They are expected to have a file physical response to stimulationand few people are willing to talk about how often things go wrong.

Mike Johnson – who Bachelor’s Franchise fame – recently talked about Lovers and friends with Shan Bodrum podcast and openly discussed his own experience with erectile dysfunction. He said on the podcast that it takes about two and a half months for him to get a firm erection during sex, specifically with women he’s interested in.

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“For me, I’m overthinking in my head and not wanting her to feel like I only want her for her body, and I’m overthinking and overcompensating about so many different things,” he told host Shan Budram.

Unrealistic body standards and porn can also play a role in the unpredictability of erections: Although knowing that these paid actors create a fantasy, it sets a standard that no real human being can meet, Carolan Marcantonio said, sex therapist Based in Brooklyn.

She added that a lot of erectile unpredictability (aside from medical conditions) also has to do with the inability to stay present in your body for pleasure because you’re so focused on performance.

“Masculinity is often associated with physical perfection,” she said. She said it can exacerbate body image concerns and thus reduce the ability to get or maintain an erection. “It’s very normal for an erection to go away and wane during sex, during foreplay, play, or whatever someone wants. It’s unrealistic to think you’re going to be hard for hours.”

Marcantonio said that the rules and regulations associated with masturbation can also increase the risk of premature ejaculation. “For them, it’s about knowing how to manage their pleasure and how they feel what’s going on in their body so they can take a step back when they get close to orgasm and slow down,” Marcantonio said.

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If you are experiencing any problems with sexual performance, it is important to see a doctor. A urologist can check for any health conditions that may require medical intervention. She said that if you suffer from sexual performance anxiety, it can be treated with education and talk therapy. A sex therapist can help you come up with a unique plan and address any major issues anxiety or depression.

There are a few books Marcantonio recommends clients read, including Come as you are By Emily Nagoski W The new male gender by Bernie Zilbergeld. In addition, sex therapists can help you learn to use performance-enhancing toys.

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Trump’s Facebook and Instagram accounts have been reinstated after a two-year ban

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Former President Trump will be allowed to return to Facebook and Instagram after a two-year ban for inciting violence during the Jan. 6 attack on the Capitol, Facebook’s primary Meta platforms. announce Tuesday.

“The suspension was an extraordinary decision made in exceptional circumstances,” Nick Clegg, Meta’s president of global affairs, said in a blog post. “The normal situation is that the public should be able to hear from a former President of the United States, and a declared candidate for that office again, on our platforms.”

The threat to public safety in January 2021 has “receded enough,” Clegg said, and Trump’s Facebook and Instagram accounts will be reinstated in the coming weeks with “new firewalls to deter repeat offences.”

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The decision would allow Trump access to 23.3 million followers on Instagram and 34 million followers on Facebook as he seeks to return to the White House. he announce his 2024 presidential campaign in November, and his campaign formally petitioned Meta to reinstate his accounts in a letter to the company on Jan. 17, according to NBC News.

Trump was initially suspended from his Facebook and Instagram accounts on January 6, 2021, after the Meta determined that Trump had made multiple posts encouraging a mob insurrection at the U.S. Capitol while the 2020 electoral votes were being counted. After a review, the company’s oversight board imposed Six months to lift the suspension or make it permanent. Facebook answered By setting a two-year limit on Trump’s suspension, at which point he would “assess whether the risk to public safety has receded.”

This time, Trump will face increased penalties for violating Facebook or Instagram’s Community Standards based on the company’s protocols on restricting the accounts of public figures during civil unrest. Additional content that violates the Meta standards will result in a suspension from one month to two years, Clegg said, depending on the severity of the violation.

Since his removal from Meta platforms, Trump has been posting extensively on Truth Social, a social networking site he launched in February 2022.

“Facebook, which has lost billions of dollars in value since your favorite boss ‘knocked me off’, just announced it will reinstate my account,” he wrote on Wednesday. “Something like this should never happen again to a sitting president, or anyone else who doesn’t deserve revenge!”

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Trump was too Recently restored to Twitter after it was banned in the wake of the January 6 attack, a decision Elon Musk made via a Twitter poll. He hasn’t posted anything on the platform since his account was reactivated.

Trump’s representatives did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

Facebook, a powerful networking and fundraising platform, played a major role in Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign. In 2020, a senior executive wrote in an internal memo that Facebook’s advertising tools were responsible for Trump’s victory and expected it to lead to his re-election in 2020.

Facebook employees embedded with Trump’s 2016 campaign helped the team with its digital operations, providing free advice on advertising strategy and targeting, According to a study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The company said the same services were offered to Hillary Clinton’s campaign as well as other non-political clients of major advertisers on its platform.

Separately, political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica claimed to leverage the private data of millions of Facebook users to guide Trump’s 2016 campaign strategy. The Trump campaign has denied using illegally acquired Facebook data.

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Hank and John Green launched the YouTube College Credit Program

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Hank Green and his brother John, author of Bad luck and other young adult novels, they have posted many hours of educational content on their sites vlogbrothers YouTube channel, which has more than 3.5 million subscribers. Now they’re expanding their mission: Yesterday, the Green Brothers announced a new initiative, Classroomswhich allows users to earn college credit, at a very reasonable price, by taking classes on YouTube.

Study Hall is a partnership between Crash Course, a YouTube-based educational channel produced by Complexly, a company created by the Greens; Arizona State University; and YouTube. The video program guides users through key questions, such as whether college is right for them, and if it is, helps them learn what they can major in and how they can enter the world of work next.

Most importantly, Study Hall allows users to take online courses to earn accredited college credits through ASU. This means that these credits can be counted toward a degree at ASU, or the hundreds of other colleges that recognize ASU-developed programs.

“We looked a lot at what we’re doing on Crash Course and felt really good about it,” Hank Green told BuzzFeed News. “We intentionally said, ‘We make the content, and that’s what we do.’ But the idea presents itself when creating high-quality educational materials. You start to have those ideas about giving people credentials.”

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The project began over three years ago, at an educational event for creators where YouTube Complexly and ASU linked up. The idea came about when the Crash Course team realized that 43 million Americans have some form of student debt, It totaled $1.75 trillion. Of those 43 million people, 40% do not have a degree, because they never graduated. Some may realize part way through their studies that a university education is not for them; For others, life simply gets in the way.

“We decided to look at what were the hardest parts for students, and one of them was the cost barrier and the bureaucratic barrier to higher education,” said Hank Green. He noted that almost anyone can take the courses, including high school students.

Viewers can watch educational videos at Study Hall YouTube channel Free. Then, if they want college credit, they can go to the Study Hall website and purchase access to the entire class, where they will be given coursework and get feedback from faculty. The initial cost of the program is $25, which earns one access to faculty and assessments.

Once someone completes the assessments and gets the grade they want, they can pay $400 toward college credit. Users can choose not to take the credit, which means they only spent $25.

“Fear is a huge roadblock,” Green said. “Getting a little skin in the game is fine with $25, but not how much anyone would think is a lot for a college course. But lowering that initial barrier of paying $1,200 for a course I might fail is important.” Doing four courses and earning at least a B in each entitles the learner to enroll in an official ASU campus or online program.

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Green said he appreciates the fact that ASU does not manipulate college ranking systems in the United States by seeking a low acceptance rate. “A long time ago, they turned that on its head and said, ‘We’re going to judge our school not by who we exclude but by how many people we actually help.’” “This philosophy is really inspiring to me, and it is one of the reasons I was excited to work with them.” Such collaborations are rare, said Green, adding, “I am very precious to my two children.”

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